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Bio-based Polyurethane Coatings from Vegetable Oil and Dicarboxylic Acids

Bio-based thermoset polyurethane (PU) coatings comprised of polyesteramides were prepared from Gossypium arboreum (cotton seed) plant oil as a renewable source. Oil was first converted into fatty amide that was transformed into a series of polyesteramide polyols upon esterification with different dicarboxylic acids and anhydride. In the preparation of polyesteramide polyols, to increase bio-based content five different dicarboxylic acids of renewable nature were used to replace petroleum counterparts. Structures of polyols were confirmed using NMR and FT-IR spectroscopic techniques. Molecular weights of polyols were determined using gel permeation chromatography. Bio-based polyesteramide polyols were used to prepare thermoset PU by treating with aromatic diisocyanate. The thermal behavior of all prepared polyurethane coatings was determined using a thermogravimetric analyzer and differential scanning calorimeter. Coatings prepared using renewable source based polyesteramides were with high suitable curing, mechanical/chemical performances, alkali/acid resistance, and hydrophobicity. Compared to conventional PU coatings, the prepared coatings possess the superior properties such as gloss, adhesion, and pencil hardness. Thus present work demonstrates Gossypium arboreum plant oil and dicarboxylic acids as newer eco-friendly raw materials for PU coatings and compared with standard petro based polyols.

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Volume 106, May 2017, Pages 87–95

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