Solventless epoxy varnishes and coatings were prepared using carbon nanotubes (CNT) and/or graphene (GNP) dispersions in a Bisphenol F-type epoxy resin, synthetic hardeners [tetraethylenepentamine, poly(oxyethylene)diamine, isophoronediamine, m-xylylenediamine] or bio-based amine hardener (Cardanol-based phenalkamine, abbreviationabbreviation: PAA). Room temperature cured coatings, containing 0.35 wt.% of CNT predispersed in PAA, showed outstanding combination of optical (i.e. high gloss and transparency, low haze in humid conditions) and electrostatic dissipative properties (surface resistivity ca. 5.5 × 107 Ω) in relation to the samples containing carbon nanofiller(s) dispersion in the epoxy resin or a synthetic amine. PAA-based coatings with the carbon nanofillers exhibited increased cupping resistance (+20% for samples with CNT) as well as high hardness and excellent adhesion to a glass substrate. The carbon nanofillers addition influenced on curing process and glass transition temperature (monitored using differential scanning calorimetry technique) of the epoxy varnishes and coatings as well.
Volume 109, August 2017, Pages 83–91