Preparation and Properties of UV-curable Waterborne Polyurethane–Acrylate Emulsion

Polyurethane–acrylate oligomer terminated with multiple unsaturated bonds was prepared using isophorone diisocyanate, (IPDI), methylene diphenyl diisocyanate, and polyols as monomers, using 2,2-dimethylol propionic acid as hydrophilic chain extender, together with pentaerythritol triacrylate (PETA) as end-capper. The UV-curable waterborne polyurethane–acrylate (UV-WPUA) composite emulsion was obtained by mixing the PUA oligomer with certain content of reactive diluents and then dispersing the mixture in water. The molecular structure of the polyurethane prepolymer, PUA oligomer, and UV-cured polymer was investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The influence of the composition and content of the diluents and end-capper on UV-WPUA properties, including the emulsion stability, thermal property, water resistance, adhesion, hardness, glossiness of polymer film were studied. The results show that the WPUA emulsion has excellent stability, and the UV-cured film features good hardness and remarkable water resistance when PETA is used as end-capper and the end-capping ratio of the polyurethane prepolymer is 70% and dipentaerythritol hexaacylate/dipropylene glycol diacrylate (mass ratio 1:1) is used as diluent.

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© 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2017, 134, 45208.


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