Advertisements

Emulsion Polymerization with a Biosurfactant

Emulsion polymerization of styrene was conducted using a biosurfactant (i.e., sodium surfactin, hereinafter called just “surfactin”) having very low critical micelle concentration (CMC, 2.9 × 10–3mmol/L) and biodegradability characteristics. The nucleation mechanism was investigated by comparing with a conventional surfactant (i.e., sodium dodecyl sulfate) system. Unlike the emulsion polymerization systems using conventional surfactants, nucleation mechanisms changed above CMC in the presence of a biosurfactant. At low concentrations of surfactin (above CMC), the polystyrene (PS) particles are likely generated via a soap-free emulsion polymerization mechanism. In contrast, at high surfactin concentrations, the PS particles would be synthesized by following a micellar nucleation mechanism. However, the slope (0.23) of the log Np versus log Csplot (Np: number of particles; Cs: concentration of surfactin) did not obey the Smith–Ewart theory (0.6), this probably being produced by the high adsorbability of surfactin.

Explore further

Langmuir201733 (23), pp 5814–5818

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

SUBSCRIBE TO OUR NEWSLETTER

You have successfully subscribed to the newsletter

There was an error while trying to send your request. Please try again.

Paints and Coatings Expert will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.
%d bloggers like this: