We present an overview of the design potential of nano-porous anti-reflection coatings (ARCs) and the associated challenges in its fabrication. Genetic algorithm optimization for the most effective ARCs on glass for normal and all incident angles is carried out and an admittance loci-based pictorial is used to visualize their performance. We then describe the advantages of using nano-porous multi-layers vis-à-vis other types of moth-eye type nano-grating films: Principally trading high performance and high cost of fabrication for good performance and lower cost facile synthesis. We describe some of the issues involved in the fabrication of such multi-layer stacks on glass and polymeric substrates and provide suggestions for overcoming these limitations.
Source: Coatings, Volume 7, Issue 9 (September 2017)