A series of UV-curable flexible hyperbranched polyurethane acrylate (F-HBPUA) with various generation numbers and soft chains are successfully developed by modifying different generations of hydroxyl terminated hyperbranched polyurethane (HBPU-OH) with diverse soft chains contained semiadduct urethane monoacrylate. The influence of generation number and soft chain on the performances of F-HBPUA and its UV-cured freestanding film is studied. The degree of branching of F-HBPUA from the second to the fifth generation is proved to be 0.74, 0.79, 0.82 and 0.94, respectively. The glass transition temperature of F-HBPUA increases with increasing generation number but it decreases with the increase of soft chain length. The thermal stability of F-HBPUA improveswith higher generations while the longer soft chain is only beneficial to the heat resistance at below 300 °C. As the increase of generation number and chain length, the UV-curing time of F-HBPUA film is significantly shortened from 12 s to 3 s, the flexibility of the UV-cured film is greatly increased from 4 mm to 1 mm, adhesion is improved to 3 grades. This novel flexible hyperbranched polyurethane acrylates can be applied to coatings, membranes and 3D print parts with excellent flexibility.
Volume 114, January 2018, Pages 216–222