Ice accretion and accumulation pose serious challenges for maintaining the operation and performance of outdoor facilities in cold climate. Epoxy resin, with a wide range of formulation possibilities, is widely used as protective coatings for outdoor facilities. However, bisphenol A (BPA), a key ingredient of conventional epoxy, is known to interfere with human’s natural hormones and cause various disorders in the body system. Reduction or complete elimination of the usage of BPA is therefore high in the agenda of the coatings industries. In this study, a transparent, anti-icing, bio-based epoxy coating is developed for room-temperature processing. As a result of hydrophobic treatment with addition of silanes, the glass-transition temperature and anti-icing performance of bio-based epoxy resin increased significantly. The optimum coating exhibited good water repellency and ice-adhesion strength as low as 50 kPa at − 20°, which is half of the widely accepted threshold value of 100 kPa for icephobic coatings. The icing delay time was much delayed compared with that of an uncoated glass substrate. To further demonstrate the anti-icing performance of the optimized coating, supercooled-water dripping on coated wooden outdoor floors and wooded boards was conducted at − 15 °C, superior anti-icing performance was observed on the coated substrates.
Available online 8 December 2017