Fresh fish is extensively consumed and is one of the most-traded food commodities in the world. Conventional preservation technologies include vacuum and modified atmosphere packaging, but they are costly since requires capital investment. In the last decade, research has been directed towards the development of antimicrobial packaging systems, as an economical alternative to these. This paper outlines antimicrobial films and coatings applied so far on fresh fish, their efficacy against targeted microorganism/group and effects on chemical quality of the product. Findings show that edible films/coatings incorporated with different active agents applied to fresh fish are able to inhibit the microbial growth and decrease the rate of fish nutrients degradation, thus preventing the formation of chemical metabolites; a shelf-life extension of 6 to 13 days was obtained for fish fillets, depending on the species on which the active packaging materials were applied. The manufacturing use of these formulations could lead to a significant reduction in fish waste, consequently, a diminution of economic losses for fish traders and retailers. Therefore, their industrial production and commercialization could be an exploitable sector by the packaging industry.
Journal reference: Coatings 2018, 8(10), 366; https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings8100366
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